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【IMI Working Paper No. 1802 [EN]】Redefining Liquidity for Monetary Policy

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Abstract

This paper proposes a monetary aggregate “Liquidity” that could serve as a useful indicator for gauging the appropriateness of monetary policy. If liquidity rises above a certain threshold, it is signaling that monetary policy is losing traction due to structural and other impediments even when the inflation gap remains open. This indicator supplements the financial cycle approach but adds value by providing a benchmark that is derived from the national account, and not based on its own trend. Over the last two decades, each time this measure rose above the threshold range, it was followed by a decline in GDP growth. The latter was greater when accompanied by a high physical asset value to GDP, e.g., an elevated property market.

Keywords

Liquidity, Monetary policy, Inflation targeting, Financial stability

Authors

Kyunghun Kim , KIEP

Il Houng Lee, Member of Monetary Policy Board, Bank of Korea; Member of International Committee, IMI

Won Shim, Bank of Korea

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